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TERRIER DOG HEALTH
and HOW TO TREAT EMERGENCIES
Streets and garages can prove the perfect home for collections
of small puddles of anti-freeze. Dogs really like the sweet taste;
they have been known to chew through plastic containers that hold
Licking anti freeze, even
a small amount, can be quite lethal. Just a teaspoon is enough
to kill a small dog, so it doesnít take more than a few laps.
A substance in the antifreeze (Ethylene glycol) slowly (about
3-7 days) causes kidney failure when the body converts it to a
crystal that stops kidney function.
Many animals are poisoned
after walking through antifreeze and then licking it from their
paws. If you know that your dog has walked through spilled antifreeze,
immediately give him/her a thorough bath, particularly the paws.
Many pets die or have
to be euthanized because signs of antifreeze poisoning often don't
show up for several days after they consume it.
If you see your pet drink
antifreeze, or you think that itís possible your pet could have
ingested it, don't wait to see if it gets sick. By the time you
notice the animal is sick, it's often way too late to save it.
If you are not sure whether your dog has ingested antifreeze,
seek veterinary help immediately. If that is not possible, we
have included at-home emergency treatment measures below.
Animals have just six
to eight hours after they consume antifreeze for effective treatment;
otherwise a slow, painful death is likely. The ideal treatment
window is within the first four hours.
Symptoms of antifreeze poisoning:
Immediately recognizing the symptoms of antifreeze poisoning and
treating within several hours after ingestion are crucial to recovery.
ēDrunkenness: The dog may appear to be in a stupor, stagger, weave,
and appear uncoordinated and disoriented.
ēListlessness: The dog may appear depressed.
ēThe dog may urinate frequently and will be excessively thirsty.
ēThe dog may vomit, though this might not be frequent or persistent.
Dogs or cats who drink some may, or may not, show a period of
drunken like behavior and will then go into renal failure. This
stage passes in a few hours and is easy to miss. Most people donít
notice their petís distress until the animalís kidneys start to
fail. Your dog should be treated immediately.
Early and aggressive treatment can save these patients and an
antidote exists. In some cases, peritoneal or other dialysis is
required. Left untreated, irreversible renal failure and death
is to be expected. There are tests available, here, that can detect
evidence that a dog or cat has ingested antifreeze.
There are two antidotes for antifreeze poisoning. The older treatment
is more commonly practiced by veterinarians, as it is more economical.
An animal is given ethanol, or grain alcohol, via an intravenous
drip for two to three days. A drug called 4-methylpyrazole (Fomepizole)
is the antidote, but it must be given (by the vet) within an hour
or two of the poisoning.
Antifreeze is an alcohol
which a particular enzyme in the body converts to toxic crystals.
Giving the animal ethanol (bartender type alcohol), ties up the
enzyme that converts the antifreeze to a kidney toxin.
The first thing to do
is to induce vomiting. This is best done by giving the animal
one teaspoon of 3 percent hydrogen peroxide per five pounds of
body weight. This should cause vomiting within 10 minutes. The
foaming action will trigger a gag reflex. You may repeat this
procedure two or three times, waiting about five minutes between
doses. The peroxide may work better if there is a little food
in your dogs stomach, so try offering a small meal beforehand.
If you do not have a needleless syringe, use a turkey baster to
squirt the peroxide into the back of your dogs mouth. If he acts
depressed or drunk, vomiting could cause dangerous problems, so
get him to the vet immediately
If an animal is not treated
for antifreeze poisoning, symptoms start showing up in about two
to three days later, when it is too late to treat and reverse
the damage, and the dog (or cat) usually only lives about a week.
In an extreme emergency,
if it is absolutely impossible
to get to a vet and you believe your dogís life is in immediate
danger, you can Induce vomiting in your dog by giving them hydrogen
Once vomiting has occurred,
give your dog a shot (one ounce for large dogs and less for smaller
dogs) of vodka or gin. The alcohol ties up the ethylene glycol
so it doesnít precipitate into the kidneys. Give your dog one
drink per hour until you can get to a vetís office. For smaller
dogs, use a half a shot of alcohol.
Again, this treatment
should only be given when you absolutely canít get to a vetís
office. And under no other circumstances, except for anti-freeze
poisoning, should dogs be given alcoholic beverages.
Dogs with chocolate poisoning will exhibit signs of nervousness,
hypertension, diarrhea, urinary incontinence (uncontrollable urination),
panting, excitement, seizures or, in extreme cases, death.
Use these treatments if your dog is showing symptoms of having
recently ingested a large amount of chocolate. However, avoid
using these treatments on dogs that are having seizures. In either
case, call or take the dog to the vet immediately.
Make a 1-to-1 solution of 3 percent standard hydrogen peroxide
(H2O2) and water.
Give your pet the appropriate amount: For every 10 lbs. of your
dog's body weight, give 1 tbsp. peroxide/water solution. For example,
a 20-lb. dog will need 2 tbsp. peroxide/water solution.
Pour the peroxide/water solution into a turkey baster and squirt
it into your dog's mouth to induce vomiting.
Watch for vomiting.
Wait another 10 minutes if the dog has not vomited in 5 minutes.
If your dog has not vomited after the full 15 minutes, re-administer
the peroxide/water solution using the same dosage.
Administer 1/4 tsp. ipecac to your dog as an alternative way to
Avoid giving a third dosage of peroxide/water solution or ipecac
if your dog still has not vomited, as that could be dangerous.
Call the ASPCA National Animal Poison Control Center at (888)
4ANIHELP or (800) 548-2423. Be prepared to pay a consulting fee.
Tips & Warnings
* Consult your veterinarian
to learn the exact amounts of the emetics to use for your individual
dog's size and weight.
* Although not all types of chocolate are equally harmful, they
contain the alkaloids theobromine and caffeine, which can be toxic
to dogs. A lethal dose for a 20-lb. dog requires 10,000mg of alkaloids.
* Baking chocolate has the highest alkaloid content and the highest
potential to make your dog seriously ill. One oz. of baking chocolate
has a 400mg alkaloid content, 1 oz. of dark chocolate has 150mg,
and 1 oz. of milk chocolate has 50mg.
Poison control - 1-800-548-2423
If you suspect your pet
has swallowed any poison get your pet to the vet ASAP!
Arsenic is in many poisons
for getting ants, rats, mice and slugs. needless to say this is
dangerous and death can occur very quickly.
Treatment - Induce Vomiting
and then get your pet to a veterinarian. ASAP!
Raisins and Grapes
Raisins and Grapes are
dangerous and very toxic to dogs and can shut down their kidney's..
some dogs seem to tolerate smaller portions but beware!
Onions & Garlic
Small amounts onions and
garlic can be tolerated but are indeed toxic for dogs and especially
Dogs love chocolate, but
chocolate is dangerous to our pets. The alkaloid or Theobromide
in chocolate makes chocolate dangerous. Chocolate is harmful but
in different amounts depending on the type of chocolate. Baking
chocolate for example has the highest alkaloid content which is
400 milligrams (mg) per ounce. Dark Chocolate has a content of
150 mg per ounce and milk chocolate has 50 mg per ounce.
Reference - A lethal dose
for a 20 pound dog is 1,000 mg of alkaloid or the amount found
in 2.5 ounces of baking chocolate.
Please be a responsible
pet owner and do not leave chocolate candy where your dog can
get into it.
Signs of chocolate toxicity
increased heart rate, heavy panting, urinary incontinence, and
Treatment If you know
your dog has eaten chocolate recently ( just got done eating),
induce vomiting, if two hours have passed you can administer activated
charcoal to prevent the toxin from being absorbed. GET YOUR PET
TO THE VET!
DO NOT induce vomiting
if your dog:
* Swallows an acid, solvent,
or heavy-duty cleaner.
* Is severely depressed or comatose (they can inhale vomit into
* Swallows a petroleum product
* Swallows Tranquilizers (which prevents vomiting);
* Swallows sharp objects (which can get lodged)
* Or if two or more hours have passed since the poison has been
TO INDUCE VOMITING
* Syrup of ipecac -1/4
to 1 teaspoon per dose but no more than 2 doses.
* Hydrogen Peroxide 3% (standard)- Mix an equal amount with water,
using a turkey baster as a applicator give about 1 teaspoon per
10 pounds of body weight. The dog should vomit within five minutes,
if the dog does not wait another 10 minutes and give another dose.
DO NOT give a third dose!
* Activated Charcoal - DO NOT give charcoal with SYRUP of IPECAC
- available in capsule form from a health food store can be administered
orally every four hours in two to several ounces of water. The
recommended dosage is 0.45 to 1.8 grams for every pound of weight.
* One half to one teaspoon of salt, placed at the back of the
Dog Resuscitation and
* Feel for a heartbeat
* Open mouth and make sure the airway is clear of any objects.
* If you have difficulty getting to the object perform the Heimlich
Maneuver, it actually does work on dogs too. .
If the air passage way
is clear and the dog is not breathing use a Mouth-to-Nose Resuscitation
* Pull the tongue forward,
close the mouth and seal the lips with your hand.
* Place your mouth over the dog's nose and blow in steadily for
three seconds. You will see the chest expand, release to let the
air come out.
* Continue until the heart beats on its own
Always get your pet to
the veterinarian ASAP
poisoning: salivation, excessive
tears, diarrhoea, severe vomiting, constriction of the pupil,
muscle twitching, asthmatic breathing, convulsion and coma. Treatment:
an injection of atropine (one vial for a cat or small dog, two
or three vials for larger dogs depending on their weight). The
injection can be intravenous (into the vein - it is absorbed most
quickly this way), intramuscular (into the muscle), or subcutaneous
(under the skin).
(warfarincan): result in vomiting and diarrhoea, but sometimes
the animal will display no symptoms at all for two to three days.
Patches of red/purple/dark blue on the body or gums begin to develop
later. These are signs of internal bleeding. Treatment involves
an injection of vitamin K (Konakion) to help clot the blood -
between 5mg and 20mg depending on the size and weight of the animal.
poisoning: animals that have been poisoned with strychnine
go into spasm, their pupils expand and muscles twitch. Treatment
is an injection of diazepan (Valium): cats 5-10mg, dogs 10-30mg
depending on size and weight.
Act immediately if you
suspect your pet has been poisoned. Symptoms of poisoning range
from drooling, muscle spasms, and difficulty in breathing to vomiting,
shivering and panting, bleeding from orifices, swelling, convulsions
and coma. If you have the container, check it for an antidote
to the poison. Seek veterinary help immediately.
Inducing vomiting in your
pet may or may not be appropriate. If you can see sores or swelling
in or around your petís mouth or tongue do not induce vomiting.
If you suspect a particular product has poisoned your pet, check
the following lists:
Induce vomiting: acetone;
alcohol, all types; antifreeze; ant poison; arsenic; aspirin (cats);
crayons; Diazonon; dichlorvos; drugs; insecticides; lead; Malathion;
rat poison; shoe cleaner; shoe polish; Tylenol (cats); Warfarin
Do NOT induce vomiting:
alkalis; bleach; burnt lime; chemicals; cleaners; cleaning fluid;
coal oil; fertilizers; fuel oil; furniture polish; gasoline; kerosene;
paint thinner; pine oil; strychnine
The best choice for inducing
vomiting is hydrogen peroxide, but salt or dry mustard will also
work. Syrup of Ipecac will work, but may take up to 30 minutes
or more. Retain any material your pet vomits so the vet can ascertain
the type of poison ingested. Bring any packaging or container
that may have contained the poison with you to the veterinarian.
Your pet may not want
to swallow the substance that will induce vomiting. You can try
to push a plastic eyedropper with hydrogen peroxide into the side
of the animalís mouth or use a syringe with NO needle. If one
substance doesnít cause vomiting, try the next.
Rinse off any poison that
is on the animalís fur or skin. Donít use products like pHisoHex
that are toxic when ingested and wear rubber gloves.
If the animal starts going
into convulsions wrap him/her in a blanket or towel to prevent
Even if you have successfully
induced vomiting you should still use an antidote. Always contact
your veterinarian for further treatment.
Toxin Antidote Dosage
1. Milk of Magnesia dogs:
1 tsp per 5#, max. 8 tsp, one dose only (Cats:
1 tsp per 5 lbs body weight, one dose only.)
2. baking soda dogs/cats:
25 mg per pound every 8 hours.
1. vinegar dogs/cats:
1 - 5 tsp.
2. lemon juice dogs/cats:
1 - 5 tsp.
1. activated charcoal
dogs: per 30#: 2 heaping Tbs in 4 oz. water or 6 tablets. (Cats:
1 heaping tsp in 1 oz water or 1 crushed tablet.)
2. Kaopectate dogs/cats:
1 tsp per 5# with large amounts of water or milk every 2 - 6 hours.
Speed through the intestines
Milk of Magnesia dogs:
1 tsp per 5#, max. 8 tsp, one dose only. (Cats:
1 tsp per 5#, one dose only.)
Dilute the poison - increase
large amounts of water,
milk, or weak tea.
Coat the intestines -
slow down absorption
1. milk or vegetable oil
dogs/cats: 1 -3 Tbs.
2. Kaopectate dogs/cats:
1 tsp per 5# with large amounts of water or milk every 2 - 6 hours.
3. pink bismuth (Pepto
Bismol) : Dogs: 1 tsp per 20# every 4 hours. (Cats: 1/2 tsp every
Can cause severe bleeding, stomach upset, and other disorders.
Very toxic to cats.
Chocolate contains xanthines, which are highly toxic to pets,
especially small dogs. A 10 pound dog that eats a pound of chocolate
can have a life-threatening reaction. Symptoms include excitability,
restlessness, and muscle tremors. Breathing difficulties, seizures
and coma may follow. There is no antidote. Induce vomiting and
seek veterinary attention.
Any flea product containing organophosphates and carbamates including
flea shampoos, powders, collars, sprays and dips can cause irregularities
in the transmission of nerve impulses. Cats are very sensitive
and dogs are slightly less sensitive -- although the amount used
can be critical to toxicity. Using more than one method of flea
control can be fatal -- dipping an animal and then putting a flea
collar on, for example, may lead to illness or death. Symptoms
include drooling, diarrhea, muscle tremors, lack of coordination,
and breathing difficulties. Atropine is the antidote and should
be given as early as possible. Bathe the animal (baby shampoo
works well) thoroughly to remove the toxins.
a chrysanthemum derivative, are less toxic but some animal may
react with symptoms like increased salivation, vomiting and depression.
There is no antidote to pyrethrins -- call your vet if you suspect
Gopher Poison (Strychnine
-- Causes seizures (not
muscle tremors) and Snail/Slug Bait (Metaldehyde -- Causes muscle
tremors): Within several hours of ingesting, muscle tremors (snail
bait) or seizures (strychnine) will begin. Drooling and vomiting
are common symptoms of snail bait ingestion. Extreme body temperature
and liver damage may occur. There is no antidote. Sedate the dog
until the poison has passed through the system. If caught early
enough, the stomach can be pumped and activated charcoal may absorb
some of the toxin.
be found in wine bottle wrappers, batteries, caulking and plumbing
materials. Symptoms develop gradually and include vomiting, diarrhea,
stomach pains and lack of appetite and progress to disorientation,
behavior changes, blindness and/or seizures. Lead in the stomach
or intestines may show up on x-rays and prompt veterinary care
can reverse most symptoms.
Motor Oil and petroleum
products: Like antifreeze,
these products are often ingested while an animal is grooming
him/herself. Symptoms include vomiting, diarrhea, disorientation
and seizures. Bathe with a non-toxic degreasing soap whenever
your pet gets oily products on their coat -- before ingestion!
If ingested, seek veterinary care.
Some wild mushrooms can cause irreversible liver damage. Take
a sample of the wild mushroom your pet has eaten with you to the
Tar and products such
as creosote and tannic acid
contain phenol. Although this product is not usually ingested
it poisons animals the same way that antifreeze does. Symptoms
of phenol poisoning include muscle tremors, breathing difficulties,
depression and coma. There is no antidote -- Seek veterinary care
In most cases, an animal who has eaten any of the following plants
should have his/her stomach pumped. almond - breathing difficulties;
amaryllis - vomiting; apricot pits - stupor; buckthorn - vomiting;
caladium - swelling; calla lily, elephantís ear, Jack-in-the-pulpit,
skunk cabbage - immediate nausea; daffodil - diarrhea; English
holly - abdominal pain; English ivy - immediate nausea; foxglove
- abdominal pain; garden sorrel, glory lily - vomiting; honeysuckle
- possible nerve involvement; horse chestnut - abdominal pain,
diarrhea, immediate nausea; Jerusalem cherry - abdominal pain;
lily of the valley - pupil dilation; mock orange - vomiting; mistletoe
- irregular heartbeat; oleander - immediate nausea; peach pits
- coma; poinsettia - possible kidney involvement; privet - delayed
vomiting; rhubarb - diarrhea; wisteria, philodendron, dieffenbachia,
holly - salivation; yew - vomiting.
Sweet taste is appealing to rats and dogs. Interferes with the
proper clotting of the blood. Symptoms, which can take from five
to 10 days to occur, include nosebleeds, blood in the urine or
stool, vomiting with blood, and hematoma (red to purple lump -
bruising). If you suspect your pet has eaten rat poison call your
snakebites should be seen by a veterinarian. Poisonous snakebites
leave a u-shaped tooth pattern with fang punctures that may bleed,
emit a discharge and cause rapid swelling in the area of the bite.
Swelling will increase to include the leg or muzzle where the
bite occurred and the wound may turn purplish-blue. The bitten
animal will be in pain and may try to bite.
Poisonous snakes have
fangs, their heads are larger, their eyes are oval and there is
a distinctive indentation behind the nostrils. (Except coral snakes
who have small heads and round eyes, black noses and red, yellow
and black rings around their bodies.)
If you think your pet
has been bitten by a poisonous snake, muzzle him/her immediately.
(The pain of the bite will increase and your animal will not allow
you near). Carry the animal to the car and to the vetís office
to keep the venom from traveling through his/her system. Antivenin
must be given as soon as possible, so seek veterinary help immediately.
Tylenol (Acetaminophen): Tylenol is extremely toxic to cats. Seek
veterinary help immediately. Feline systems do not make the enzyme
needed to break down acetaminophen into harmless substances that
can be eliminated. Toxic by-products build up and can be fatal.
Household products poisonous
bleach, brake fluid, carburetor cleaner, cleaning fluid, crayons,
deodorants, detergent, diet pills, disinfectants, dry shampoo,
dye, engine lubricants, fire extinguishers, fungicides, furniture
polish, gasoline, hair lotion, hair spray, herbicides, insect
repellent, insecticides, kerosene, lead, lye, matches, metal polish,
mothballs, nail polish, nail polish remover, paint, paint remover,
pencils, pens, perfume, permanent wave lotion, pest control products
(rat poison, ant poison, but sprays, etc., pHisoHex, photographic
supplies (developers, fixatives, etc.), quicklime, rubbing alcohol,
shoe polish, sleeping pills, soap, suntan lotion, tar turpentine,
Tylenol, varnish, wax, Windex, and windshield wiper fluid.
Basically, anything labeled
"keep out of reach of children" should also be kept
out of our petsí reach. Cleaning fluids are particularly dangerous,
as we often leave them open on the floor where they are easily
knocked over by curious dogs or cats who then walk through them
or inhale the fumes.
NICOTINE (CIGARETTE) POISONING
Everyone knows the Surgeon
Generalís warning about cigarette smoking but what about cigarette
eating? Nicotine poisoning is a very real concern anywhere that
a pet may find cigarettes, cigarette butts, chewing tobacco, or
even nicotine gum or patches. Dogs, particularly puppies, tend
to chew things up first and ask questions later. Cats may find
a cigarette butt to be a nicely sized pouncing toy worthy of chewing.
Luckily for pets and small
children, tobacco tastes terrible. Even chewing tobacco must have
flavorings added to make it something worthy of oral enjoyment.
Still, cigarettes have plenty of nicotine and even a small cigarette
butt can mean serious illness or even death for a small pet.
The toxic dose for nicotine
in pets is 20-100 mg. A cigarette contains 9-30 mg of nicotine
depending on the type of cigarette; while a cigarette butt contains
about 25% of the nicotine of the original cigarette despite its
deceptively small amount of tobacco. (Smoking seems to concentrate
some of the nicotine in the tail end of the cigarette.) Cigars
can contain up to 40 mg. Chewing tobacco carries 6-8 mg per gram
while the gum is 2-4 mg per piece and patches 8.3-114 mg. Smoking
a cigarette yields only 0.5-2 mg of nicotine but eating one is
a different ballgame as all of the nicotine becomes available
for absorption into the body.
Some good news is that
nicotine is not absorbed directly in the acid environment of the
stomach; the nicotine must move past the stomach into the small
intestine for absorption. One of the first things nicotine does
in the body is stimulate the vomit center of the brain, thus inducing
vomiting which may save the patientís life if there is more cigarette
material in the stomach.
SYMPTOMS OF NICOTINE POISONING
Signs begin as quickly
as one hour post-ingestion. Symptoms include:
* Auditory and Visual Hallucinations
* Vomiting and Diarrhea
* Twitching possibly progressing to Seizures
* Racing heart rate but slow heart rate with small doses
* High blood pressure but at higher doses there is a circulatory
It is easy to confuse
nicotine poisoning with other poisonings such as strychnine, chocolate,
organophosphate insecticide, and certain molds. Hopefully, there
will be cigarette materials in the vomit to give away the diagnosis.
Washing out the stomach
to get rid of any remaining cigarette materials is helpful but
is likely to require sedation. Since most patients are agitated,
this is often a good thing anyway. Seizures are treated with seizure
suppressing drugs. It is tempting to use antacids to protect the
stomach but as it is the stomach acid that is inhibiting the nicotine
absorption, it is best to avoid this therapy. If the pet survives
the first 4 hours, prognosis is felt to be good. Nicotine is inactivated
by a healthy liver and its metabolites are excreted in urine.
After 16 hours, the nicotine ingested should be gone.
The symptoms of shock are :
Pale discoloration of
the mucous membranes (the inside of the mouth, the gums, the eyes
etc.), weakness and a fast heart beat and pulse.
The dog may feel cold
to the touch, especially the extremities like the feet and ears.
The consequence of shock
is the same, whatever the original cause of the shock.
Several systems in the
body loose their function and multiple organ failure may occur.
This will lead to a Ďshut
downí of the entire body and death is always the result, if the
shock is not treated immediately.
Treatment of shock is often in the form of intravenous fluids
(a Ďdripí) and drugs together. Only your vet can do this treatment.
It is of the utmost importance that you take your dog to the vet
if you suspect that your dog may suffer from shock!
hesitate to call or email us.
Email Don & Laura
- 831 - 623-0680
located in San Juan Bautista, California (Central Coast)
Yes, Jacks can actually sleep soundly with
their limbs sticking up or out. Strange, but true.
Thanks for Visiting !